Ways To Improve Productivity In Manufacturing Industry
Any Manufacturing unit has production as its core activity .Products are manufactured with the help of labor and machines .Manufacturers can increase the output through various method without putting any investment in the production setup .
Productivity can be defined as standard output per hour of labor . Another term is used to define productivity and is called multifactor productivity which encompasses all other factor such as capital , machine and labor .
Productivity measures the efficiency with which resources such as labor or capital are employed in the production process. There are two widely used productivity measures; labor productivity and multifactor productivity.
A business wishing to improve its profitability must undertake certain steps that can guarantee to
provide the desired results. One of the things that the management staff must give important
notice is the production and productivity of the business as a whole. As has been known, to
increase the profitability of an enterprise, certain things must be improved in the workplace. To
increase productivity is one of these.
Following are few basic steps to increase the productivity
Standard work procedures
The handling of product and raw material should be reduced to minimum by either putting of
conveyors or automatic transfer to the machine .
To have minimum movement of manpower for getting material , tools and shifting .
To have defective and rework as it is nothing but pure waste . The first step towards
elimination is to adopt standards like ISO -9000 & GMP or in house standards.
Study the positions of worker while working and eliminate those position were worker feel
uncomfortable or experience stress while working .This would help in better productivity .
Reduce changeover time for machines
Autonomous maintenance of Machine
Machine layouts to be straight paths without twist and turns
There are many more methods which can be found on http://shumaonline.com/costreduction_production1.html