Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose was a significant figure in the Indian independence movement who revived and led the Indian National Army. He was also known as ‘Netaji’.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose:-
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a freedom fighter, a significant figure, prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle. He was also known as ‘Netaji’. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was the founder of Indian National Army (means Azad Hind Fauj) with good morale and discipline. Netaji was a great and very brave leader of the country.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack (Orissa) on 23rd January 1897. His father Janakinath Bose was an affluent and successful lawyer in Cuttack and received the title of “Rai Bahadur”, and his mother was Prabhavati Devi. From his student life, he was very intelligent and sincere. He was completed his B.A degree in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Kolkata (Calcutta). He was influenced by Swami Vivekananda teaching. He brilliantly qualified I.C.S Examination.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose then went to England in 1919 to seek for Indian Civil Services. In 1921, Netaji came back to India for participating in the Indian freedom movement. After that, he left his home to become an active member of India’s independence movement. Later, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose joined the Indian National Congress and he was also elected as the president of the party.
Subhas Chandra with Indian National Congress:
After returning from England Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and he has joined Indian National Congress. Initially, Subhas Chandra Bose worked under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das, he was an active member of Congress in Calcutta (presently name as Kolkata). Netaji was elected as a President of the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.
He devoted much of his time and attention to the organization of the youth and to the Trade Union movement as well. In 1928, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose acts as a President at the Calcutta Congress over by Motilal Nehru, who was G.O.C. of the Congress Volunteers. Subhas also announced the formation of the Independence League. Subhas Chandra Bose was jailed during Civil Disobedience movement in 1930. He was released in 1931 after Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed.
In 1931 when Mahatma Gandhi Satyagraha Andolan (movement) was called off upon the conclusion of the Gandhi – Irwin Pact, Netaji who was given his liberty along with others, raised his voice in protest against the Pact and the suspension of the movement. Netaji was elected as a President of the Haripura Congress Session in 1938. In May 1939 he has founded Forward Bloc within the Congress.
Netaji with Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army):
In January 1941, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose disappeared from his house in Kolkata (Calcutta) and Germany via Afghanistan and met Hitler. In 1943, Bose left for southeast Asia and raised the army. He went to Japan and gave a famous slogan of “Delhi Chalo” (means March to Delhi) to his Indian National Army where a violent fight took place between Azad Hind Fauj and Anglo-American Forces. He had inspired his army men through his great words of “Give me blood and I will give you freedom” to make his motherland free from the rule of Britishers. The group was later named by Bose, as the Indian National Army (INA).
In East Asia from Rash Behari Bose and organized the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) comprising mainly of Indian prisoners of war. Azad Hind Fauj proceeded towards India to liberate it from British rule. The Indian National Army Headquarters was shifted to Rangoon in January 1944. Azad Hind Fauj crossed the Burma Border and stood on Indian soil on March 18th, 1944. The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki changed the history of mankind. Japan had to surrender and the I.N.A. subsequently to retreat, have all become part of history.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was reportedly killed in an air crash over Taipei, Taiwan (Formosa) on August 18, 1945. Though it is widely believed that he was still alive after the air crash his body was never recovered. In May 1956, the Shah Nawaz Committee visited Japan to look into the situation of Bose’s assumed death. The reports of Justice Mukherjee Commission tabled in Parliament on 17 May 2006 said, “Bose did not die in the plane crash and the ashes at Renkoji temple are not his”. However, the findings were rejected by the government of India.
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